run sphere offsets searchlightΒΆ

Matlab output: run_sphere_offsets_searchlight

%% Searchlight analysis in the volume
%
% This analysis is quite bare-bones - data is simulated to come directly
% from load_nii rather than through fmri_dataset, and voxel indices in each
% searchlight are computed directly in this script rather than using
% a helper function such as spherical_voxel_selection.
%
% Note: for running searchlights it is recommended to use
%       cosmo_searchlight and cosmo_spherical_neighborhood
%
% #   For CoSMoMVPA's copyright information and license terms,   #
% #   see the COPYING file distributed with CoSMoMVPA.           #

%% Define input files and searchlight radius
radius=3; % in voxel units

config=cosmo_config();
data_path=fullfile(config.tutorial_data_path,'ak6','s01');


half1_fn=fullfile(data_path,'glm_T_stats_odd.nii');
half2_fn=fullfile(data_path,'glm_T_stats_even.nii');
mask_fn=fullfile(data_path,'brain_mask.nii');

%% Load the data and extract the data in the mask
ni_samples1=load_nii(half1_fn);
ni_samples2=load_nii(half2_fn);
ni_mask=load_nii(mask_fn);

% Get the volume data
half1_samples=ni_samples1.img;
half2_samples=ni_samples2.img;
mask=ni_mask.img;

% combine the two halves, and define the masks
samples=cat(4, half1_samples, half2_samples);
nsamples=size(samples,4); % should be 6
half1_samples_mask=(1:nsamples)<=nsamples/2;
half2_samples_mask=~half1_samples_mask;

%% Searchlight data 'contrast' definition
% Define how correlations values are going to be weighted
% mean zero, positive on diagonal, negative elsewhere.
% Note that this matrix has a mean of zero, so under the null hypothesis
% that correlations are equal on and off the diagonal, weighting these
% correlations by the contrast matrix and then summing them should
% give a mean of zero as well.
contrast_matrix=eye(6)-1/6;

%% Define voxel offset positions in the searchlight
% get the sphere offsets
sphere_offsets=cosmo_sphere_offsets(radius);
noffsets=size(sphere_offsets,1);

%% Prepare for output
% allocate space for data in searchlight once, then overwrite in for-loop below
sphere_data=zeros(nsamples,noffsets);

voldim=size(mask);
output=zeros(voldim);
visited=false(voldim);

%% Run the searchlight

% for pretty progress reporting
prev_msg='';
clock_start=clock();

% run over voxels in all three spatial dimensions
for ii=1:voldim(1)
    for jj=1:voldim(2)
        for kk=1:voldim(3)

            % if outside the mask, continue with next voxel
            if ~mask(ii,jj,kk)
                continue
            end

            % fill up the sphere_data matrix with data from the sphere
            % centered around location (ii, jj, kk).
            % for every valid position increment row_pos first, then
            % fill it with the sample data for of that position.
            % (a valid position p=[i, j, k] has 1 <= p(m) <= voldim(m) for
            % m=1, 2 and 3, and is not outside the mask).
            row_pos=0;
            sphere_data(:)=NaN; % not necessary, but used to check validity of data
            for mm=1:noffsets
                ii_pos=ii+sphere_offsets(mm,1);
                jj_pos=jj+sphere_offsets(mm,2);
                kk_pos=kk+sphere_offsets(mm,3);

                if ii_pos<1 || ii_pos>voldim(1) || ...
                        jj_pos<1 || kk_pos>voldim(2) || ...
                        kk_pos<1 || kk_pos>voldim(3) || ...
                        ~mask(ii_pos,jj_pos,kk_pos)
                    continue
                end
                % go one position down
                row_pos=row_pos+1;

                % overwrite existing data
                sphere_data(:,row_pos)=samples(ii_pos, jj_pos, kk_pos, :);
            end
            %<@@<

            % get data only as far down as we got voxels.
            selected_sphere_data=sphere_data(:, 1:row_pos);

            % a little sanity check
            if any(isnan(selected_sphere_data))
                error('found NaN - this should not happen');
            end

            % take the data from the two halves using the
            % half_{1,2}samples_mask
            % >@@>
            half1=selected_sphere_data(half1_samples_mask,:);
            half2=selected_sphere_data(half2_samples_mask,:);
            % Compute correlations, fisher transform, then weigh them.
            % Store the sum of the weighted transformed correlations in the
            % 'output' array.
            %
            % Use cosmo_corr instead of corr for faster computations
            c=cosmo_corr(half1',half2');
            fisher_c=atanh(c);
            weighted_c=contrast_matrix.*fisher_c;

            output(ii,jj,kk)=sum(weighted_c(:));

            % set this voxel as visited
            visited(ii,jj,kk)=true;
        end
    end
    % Keep us updated on progress
    msg=sprintf('%d slices: mean %.3f', ii, mean(output(visited)));
    prev_msg=cosmo_show_progress(clock_start,ii/voldim(1),msg,prev_msg);
end

%% Save the results
ni_output=ni_samples1;
ni_output.img=output;
ni_output.hdr.dime.dim(5)=1;

% use the following lines to store the output as a NIFTI file
% >> save_nii(ni_output,fullfile(data_path,'sphere_offsets_searchlight.nii'));


%% Plot the results as axial slices
nslices=voldim(3);
nrows=floor(.8*sqrt(nslices));
ncols=ceil(nslices/nrows);

output_range=[-1 1]*2;
for k=1:nslices
    subplot(nrows, ncols, k);
    % orient with top side anterior
    imagesc(output(:,end:-1:1,k)', output_range);
    title(sprintf('slice %d', k));
    axis off
end